Inflammation of the gums caused by bacteria is called as ‘gingivitis’. In this condition the gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily, often during tooth brushing. Daily brushing and flossing, and regular cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist, could be all that is needed to prevent gum disease and can actually reverse the early stages of the disease and help you keep your teeth for a lifetime. This form of gum disease does not include any loss of bone and tissue that hold teeth in place.
If you have advanced periodontitis, your gum tissue may not respond to nonsurgical treatments and good oral hygiene. In that case, periodontitis treatment may require dental surgery
A minor surgery done under local anesthesia for enlarged and malformed gums to enhance the health and beauty of smile.